Theory test subjects for C and C1 driver's licences

This subject is described in Appendix 4 of the Royal Decree dated 23 March 1998 relating to driving licences

Common material for categories AM/A1/A2/A/B/C1/C/D1/D/G

  • Road Traffic Police Act
  • Traffic regulations
  • Offences by degree
  • Importance of vigilance and behaviour towards other users
  • Perception, evaluation and reaction, including reaction time, and changes in driver behaviour related to the effects of alcohol, drugs and medication, emotional states and fatigue
  • The most important principles relating to distance, braking distance and vehicle handling in various weather and road conditions
  • Driving risks related to different road conditions and in particular to variations due to weather conditions and the time of day or night
  • Characteristics of the different types of roads and the resulting legal requirements
  • Specific risks related to the inexperience of other road users and the involvement in traffic of the most vulnerable categories of users such as children, pedestrians, cyclists and people with reduced mobility
  • Risks inherent to the circulation and driving of various types of vehicles and the different visibility conditions of their drivers
  • Regulations on administrative documents related to the use of the vehicle
  • General rules determining the behaviour of the driver in the event of an accident and the measures they can take to help the victims of road accidents
  • Safety requirements related to the vehicle load and the persons transported
  • Precautions to take when leaving the vehicle
  • Mechanical elements related to driving safety: be able to detect the most common defects that can affect the steering system, suspension, braking, tyres, lights and indicators, reflectors, mirrors, windshield and windshield wipers, exhaust system, seat belts and horn, among others
  • Vehicle safety equipment, including the use of seat belts, headrests and child safety equipment
  • Rules for the use of the vehicle related to respect for the environment: relevant use of horns, moderate fuel consumption, limiting of polluting emissions
  • Safety in tunnels

Specific material for categories C1 and C

  • Rules concerning driving times and rest periods as defined in Regulation (EC) No. 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council; use of the recording device provided for in Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3821/85;
  • Rules on the transport of goods;
  • Knowledge of what to do after an accident or similar event, such as passenger evacuation, and basic knowledge of first aid;
  • Vehicle and transport documents required for national and international goods transport;
  • Precautions to be taken when replacing wheels;
  • Rules concerning vehicle masses, dimensions and speed limiters;
  • Obstruction of visibility caused by the characteristics of the vehicle;
  • Safety factors related to loading the vehicle: load control (securing and fastening), difficulties with certain types of loads (e.g. liquids, suspended loads), loading and unloading of goods and use of loading equipment;
  • Principles of the construction and operation of the following components: internal combustion engines, fluids (e.g. engine oil, coolant, windshield washer), fuel system, electrical system, ignition system, transmission system (clutch, gearbox);
  • Lubrication and anti-freeze;
  • Principles of the construction, installation, proper use and maintenance of tyres;
  • Principles of the types, operation, main parts, assembly, use and minor maintenance of brake linings and speed controllers;
  • Principles of the types, operation, main parts, assembly, use and minor maintenance of coupling devices;
  • Methods for locating the causes of breakdowns;
  • Preventive maintenance of vehicles and the necessary routine repairs;
  • Driver's responsibility for the receipt, transport and delivery of goods in accordance with the agreed conditions.
  • Principles of the responsible use of the speed regulator.

"Professional aptitude"

"Professional aptitude" is set out in Appendix 1 of the Royal Decree of 04/05/2007 relating to the driving licence, professional aptitude and continuous training of drivers of vehicles in categories C1, C1+E, C, C+E, D1, D1+E, D, D+E.